The Experimental Linguistics Team (ELiTe)


The Experimental Linguistics Team (ELiTe) focuses on the experimental study of language in different research areas, such as acoustic and articulatory phonetics/phonology, psycholinguistics, neurolinguistics, and computational linguistics.

ELiTe is primarily involved in the research project “Speech motor disorders and visual feedback: 3D simulation of articulatory movements”, which investigates the phenomena of motor control during the speech of pathological and non-pathological speakers, with the aim to develop and test audio-visual biofeedback technologies for rehabilitation purposes. An innovative protocol of multi-level kinematic analysis, based on the synchronization of different speech technologies such as Ultrasound Tongue Imaging and Electropalatography, will lead to the development of a 3D interface for the simulation of speech production mechanisms and high resolution visual feedback within a virtual reality framework. The project is carried out in collaboration with the virtual reality center of the SMART, and with the research team of IRCCS Stella Maris ( as external partner.

ELiTe continues the scientific experience of the former Laboratorio di Linguistica “Giovanni Nencioni” ( and collaborates with well-known international research centers.


  • Articulatory equipment

  • Anechoic chamber (Euroshield)
  • Electropalatograph WinEPG1 (Articulate Instruments)
  • Ultrasound system DP-6600 (Mindray)
  • Electroglottograph MicroProcessor (Laryngograph)
  • Measurement device of oral and nasal flows (Scicon)

  • Audio digitization laboratory

  • Open-reel recorders (Revox, Otari)
  • Compact cassette recorders (Teac, Tascam, Sony)
  • AD converters (PrismSound, Apogee)
  • Audio mixer (Yamaha)
  • Incubator (Memmert)
  • Hitachi Storage (15 disks 1TB + 10 disks AMS2000 2TB SAS 7.2KRPM HDD)​

  • Neurolinguistics equipment

  • Electroencephalography system (Brain Products)
  • EEG Recording Caps for standard and MR applications (Brain Products)
  • Eye tracker 5000 (ASL)
  • Database

  • Grammo-foni. Le soffitte della voce (
  • Corpus e Lessico di Frequenza dell'Italiano Scritto (CoLFIS) (
  • Archivio delle Varietà di Italiano Parlato (AVIP) ( archivio-del- parlato-italiano)
  • People

    Giovanna Lenoci

    Post Doc
    Palazzo Carovana
    Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa

    Chiara Bertini

    Palazzo Carovana
    Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa

    Paola Nicoli

    Palazzo Carovana
    Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa

    Irina Podda

    Collaboratore libero professionista
    Palazzo Carovana
    Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa

    Daniele Santini

    Palazzo Carovana
    Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa