The Experimental Linguistics Team (ELiTe)


The Experimental Linguistics Team (ELiTe) focuses on the experimental study of language in different research areas, such as acoustic and articulatory phonetics/phonology, psycholinguistics, neurolinguistics, and computational linguistics.

ELiTe is primarily involved in the research project “Speech motor disorders and visual feedback: 3D simulation of articulatory movements”, which investigates the phenomena of motor control during the speech of pathological and non-pathological speakers, with the aim to develop and test audio-visual biofeedback technologies for rehabilitation purposes. An innovative protocol of multi-level kinematic analysis, based on the synchronization of different speech technologies such as Ultrasound Tongue Imaging and Electropalatography, will lead to the development of a 3D interface for the simulation of speech production mechanisms and high resolution visual feedback within a virtual reality framework. The project is carried out in collaboration with the DREAMS-Lab, and with the research team of IRCCS Stella Maris ( as external partner.

ELiTe continues the scientific experience of the former Laboratorio di Linguistica “Giovanni Nencioni” ( and collaborates with well-known international research centers.


  • Articulatory equipment

  • Anechoic chamber (Euroshield)
  • Electropalatograph WinEPG1 (Articulate Instruments)
  • Ultrasound system DP-6600 (Mindray)
  • Electroglottograph MicroProcessor (Laryngograph)
  • Measurement device of oral and nasal flows (Scicon)

  • Audio digitization laboratory

  • Open-reel recorders (Revox, Otari)
  • Compact cassette recorders (Teac, Tascam, Sony)
  • AD converters (PrismSound, Apogee)
  • Audio mixer (Yamaha)
  • Incubator (Memmert)
  • Hitachi Storage (15 disks 1TB + 10 disks AMS2000 2TB SAS 7.2KRPM HDD)​

  • Neurolinguistics equipment

  • Electroencephalography system (Brain Products)
  • EEG Recording Caps for standard and MR applications (Brain Products)
  • Eye tracker 5000 (ASL)
  • Database

  • Grammo-foni. Le soffitte della voce (
  • Corpus e Lessico di Frequenza dell'Italiano Scritto (CoLFIS) (
  • Archivio delle Varietà di Italiano Parlato (AVIP) ( archivio-del- parlato-italiano)
  • People

    Pier Marco Bertinetto

    Palazzo Carovana, Office 9
    Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa

    Chiara Bertini

    Palazzo Carovana
    Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa

    Irene Ricci

    Palazzo Carovana
    Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa